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By C. Pakwan. Mississippi Valley State University. 2019.

The dangerous and disturbing agenda of these and other Internet havens for pro self injury has not gone unnoticed cheap bupron sr 150mg with mastercard. The executives in charge of the popular blogging platform bupron sr 150 mg without prescription, Tumblr buy generic bupron sr line, took a stand against blogs that are pro self harm in February 2012 by banning websites on Tumblr that offer information promoting self injury and suicide. The ban sparked a fervent debate and Tumblr backed off from the initial wording of the declaration, but has ultimately stood by their new content policies. Since then, other popular social media platforms, such as Pinterest and Instagram, have followed suit. Sites with pro self injury and pro self harm agendas target vulnerable people, like teens and young adults, but their reach extends far beyond the self injurer him- or herself. When a person suffers irreparable physical or mental damage as a result of following the advice on these sites, the harm extends outward in a concentric fashion affecting parents, siblings, extended family, friends, and even strangers. The truth is - the sooner a person gets treatment for self-injury, the better chance they have for a long-lasting recovery. Self injury statistics show that this disturbing phenomenon is a real and present danger to vulnerable people worldwide, especially in developed countries, such as the U. Frequently, untreated depression and other mental health challenges create an environment of despair that leads people to cope with these challenges in unhealthy ways. Check out these self mutilation statistics:90 percent of people who engage in self harm begin during their teen or pre-adolescent yearsNearly 50 percent of those who engage in self injury activities have been sexually abusedAbout 50 percent of those who engage in self mutilation begin around age 14 and carry on into their 20sMany of those who self injure report learning how to do so from friends or pro self injury websites Approximately two million cases are reported annually in the U. While these self harm statistics are from reliable sources, truly accurate information about rates and trends of self mutilation are difficult to come by because the majority of participants conceal their activities. Their behavior may never come to the attention of medical professionals or other social services. Knowing the self injury facts can help you better understand the underlying origins of this behavior and the techniques of self harm. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM IV-TR) lists self injurious behavior as a symptom of borderline personality disorder, but recent research indicates that it also occurs with other mental health disorders, including:Conduct and oppositional disordersThe phenomenon has become more visible in society in recent years. People self injure to cope with internal emotions, stop bad feelings, relieve emotional numbness, punish themselves, obtain a sense of belonging, get attention, and many other reasons. Self injury stories, similar to self-harm quotes and movies about self-injury, bring understanding and hope to others caught in the web of self-destruction and pain. Some of these self-harm stories may trigger vulnerable people to engage in self injury. People, who write or make videos about the challenges they face in life and their coping techniques -- even when those techniques are unhealthy -- allow some of their inner turmoil to escape through their work. Moore says that self-injury had become a "dangerous addiction" for her. A brilliant student and talented musician and dancer, Moore recounts how other taunted her for being smart and studying music and dance. She claims they made her hate her talents, gifts, and intelligence ??? she felt devastated. These cutting stories come from a mixture of teenagers and adults. Their stories of cutting are compelling, insightful and some offer hope that things will get better. This video may trigger those struggling with self injury. It started out innocently enough with a phone conversation with a friend. Self-Injury Cutter - Ren started cutting when she was 9 years old. As her cutting story progresses, she talks about being outed in her college dorm room. The Internet abounds with self mutilation stories, stories about self harm and injury. While many of these encourage those who cope with inner turmoil and pain via self injury to seek help, a shocking number of stories and videos out there glamorize self harm activities. Some include disparaging commentary toward those who wish to help self mutilators find professional self-injury treatment and recover. That is just one of the reasons why pro self-harm websites are so dangerous. Read these self harm stories and watch the videos with caution. If you are an individual who engages in self injury, remember there is a way out and a path to recovery. A study published this week shows 17 percent of respondents at two Ivy League schools have self-injured. And 75 percent of those have done it more than once. From a young age, Alicia was exceptional ??? a brilliant student, a talented musician and dancer. Alicia found plenty of ways to cut herself; some were obvious, like razor blades, safety pins and scissors. Other methods took some creativity, like using broken CDs and even ordinary buttons. She even secretly made a video, recoding her despair. Karen Conterio, co-author of "Bodily Harm," says there are several reasons why people self-injure. In a study of more than 2,800 college students published this week in Pediatrics magazine, a little more than one in six reported having self-injured. And of those who self-injured, nearly 40 percent said that nobody knew about their behavior. Her mom took it upon herself to investigate, trying to find out what was wrong. To keep Alicia safe, Amy suggested she start using alternatives to self-harm including taking out aggression on objects, like her desk, instead of herself. After years of working with Amy and her family and starting antidepressants, Alicia slowly overcame her negative image of herself and stopped cutting and began to move on. Today, the self-harm scars on her skin are barely visible and the internal scars are fading, too. A mother and daughter tell their story about self-harm and how they finally got the strength to get self-injury help. Dawn was a junior in high school when her self-injury secret was discovered - she was practicing self-harm, she was cutting herself. Today, Dawn is nearly 25, and has transformed herself and her life. She has focused her career goals on helping others with emotional problems.

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Young: Yes buy 150 mg bupron sr visa, studies show that key personality traits that make a person more vulnerable to develop an addiction are:David: So order bupron sr 150 mg line, how can one tell if they are spending too much time online? Young: You have to look at the characteristics and symptoms buy cheap bupron sr on line. That is like trying to define alcoholism by counting the number of drinks the person consumes. The characteristics and symptoms I previously mentioned can also reveal if you are spending too much time online. Keatherwood: I just took the "internet addiction test" on your site and got an 87. I spend lots of time in chatrooms, both as a moderator and a member. As someone that deals with trust issues from abuse, is it necessarily bad to make most your friends online? My husband does complain, but I really think I give him enough attention:). Obviously it is easier to make friends online, but it is difficult to make a diagnosis. Is it bad though for a person to make most of their friends online? David: But what if most of your relationships are solely virtual vs. I suppose though it can be unhealthy if there is no contact with other human beings. GreenYellow4Ever: Is the allure of online pornography because of anonymity, availability, or just the addictive behavior a person has and this is, frankly, the cheapest way to feed the addiction? David: Given that many families today have family members who have faced an addiction, and there is very easy availability of all these addictive features, i. Young: Understanding what the internet has to offer can help families control the addictive features that the internet offers. Young: Reading my book, Caught in the Net , can help educate parents on the pitfalls of the internet, but also reading other material about the internet. The main point is awareness, especially the careful monitoring of the computer use in the home. Let me add, that my programs for parents focus on awareness, which I believe is important for controlling their behavior. David: Can you give us a few examples of how someone would control the addictive features of the internet? Young: If you are looking at an individual, try and set goals. Young: No, I base everything on moderation and controlled use. Phyllis: How about setting up a schedule for family members? Some companies might have policies that can have a person fired for continued internet use and that can be a deterrent. Would you suggest that person find a different line of work? Young: Honestly, that has happened before where a person has to go through detox. GreenYellow4Ever: My husband is ADD and can literally sit for hours until the wee hours of the morning just dinking on the computer. He says he is not addicted, just forgets about time. Would you say this is a valid reason for him being on so long? Interestingly, children with ADD can sit on the computer for hours and hours as well. My studies show that people who have a prior history of compulsivity, certainly multiple addictions, are quite common. However, there are some people that have had no prior addictions, which is a new clinical development. David: Since internet addiction is fairly new, are there many therapists out there who know how to treat it? Young: The actual field of therapists dealing with IA has grown since I started in this field in 1994 and there is an emerging number of therapists who are interested in this field. I, myself, provide workshops for therapists who are interested. Phyllis: What would be your suggestion then to overcome internet addition? Young: Getting involved in treatment programs that focus on time management, and also understanding the underlying issues of his or her internet addiction. A formal evaluation is necessary to develop the best treatment plans. David: Can a person end their internet addiction on their own or do you feel they would need professional treatment for internet addiction? Young: Sometimes self-control is possible, just like smoking addiction. David: In the hierarchy of addictions, would you consider internet addiction a less or more serious addiction than others? Young: Well certainly it does not pose the same health risks as alcoholism and drug addictions. However, it still creates the same level of emotional and family problems. Those factors have a role in defining the addiction. Young: I developed a program based on speaking with parent groups, that I will be launching in a few months. The focus is on child safety and understanding the digital generation a bit better. Young, for being our guest tonight and for sharing this information with us. And to those in the audience, thank you for coming and participating. In his new book, "Recovery Options:The Complete Guide , Dr. Volpicelli explains all the options to treat alcoholism. Our topic tonight is "Medical Treatment of Alcoholism".

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In some cases purchase bupron sr 150mg online, hyperglycemia has resolved when the atypical antipsychotic was discontinued effective 150mg bupron sr; however buy bupron sr uk, some patients required continuation of anti-diabetic treatment despite discontinuation of the suspect drug. A potentially fatal symptom complex sometimes referred to as Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) has been reported in association with administration of antipsychotic drugs, including SEROQUEL. Clinical manifestations of NMS are hyperpyrexia, muscle rigidity, altered mental status, and evidence of autonomic instability (irregular pulse or blood pressure, tachycardia, diaphoresis, and cardiac dysrhythmia). Additional signs may include elevated creatine phosphokinase, myoglobinuria (rhabdomyolysis) and acute renal failure. The diagnostic evaluation of patients with this syndrome is complicated. In arriving at a diagnosis, it is important to exclude cases where the clinical presentation includes both serious medical illness (e. Other important considerations in the differential diagnosis include central anticholinergic toxicity, heat stroke, drug fever and primary central nervous system (CNS) pathology. If a patient requires antipsychotic drug treatment after recovery from NMS, the potential reintroduction of drug therapy should be carefully considered. The patient should be carefully monitored since recurrences of NMS have been reported. SEROQUEL may induce orthostatic hypotension associated with dizziness, tachycardia and, in some patients, syncope, especially during the initial dose-titration period, probably reflecting its ~a-adrenergic antagonist properties. Syncope was reported in 1% (28/3265) of the patients treated with SEROQUEL, compared with 0. SEROQUEL should be used with particular caution in patients with known cardiovascular disease (history of myocardial infarction or ischemic heart disease, heart failure or conduction abnormalities), cerebrovascular disease or conditions which would predispose patients to hypotension (dehydration, hypovolemia and treatment with antihypertensive medications). The risk of orthostatic hypotension and syncope may be minimized by limiting the initial dose to 25 mg bid [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ]. If hypotension occurs during titration to the target dose, a return to the previous dose in the titration schedule is appropriate. In clinical trial and postmarketing experience, events of leukopenia/neutropenia have been reported temporally related to atypical antipsychotic agents, including SEROQUEL. Agranulocytosis (including fatal cases) has also been reported. Possible risk factors for leukopenia/neutropenia include preexisting low white cell count (WBC) and history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with a pre-existing low WBC or a history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and should discontinue SEROQUEL at the first sign of a decline in WBC in absence of other causative factors. Patients with neutropenia should be carefully monitored for fever or other symptoms or signs of infection and treated promptly if such symptoms or signs occur. Patients with severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count < 1000/mm c) should discontinue SEROQUEL and have their WBC followed until recovery (See ADVERSE REACTIONS ). Given these considerations, SEROQUEL should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients who appear to suffer from a chronic illness that (1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and (2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically. If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear in a patient on SEROQUEL, drug discontinuation should be considered. However, some patients may require treatment with SEROQUEL despite the presence of the syndrome. The development of cataracts was observed in association with quetiapine treatment in chronic dog studies [see NON CLINICAL TOXICOLOGY, Animal Toxicology ]. Lens changes have also been observed in patients during long-term SEROQUEL treatment, but a causal relationship to SEROQUEL use has not been established. Nevertheless, the possibility of lenticular changes cannot be excluded at this time. Therefore, examination of the lens by methods adequate to detect cataract formation, such as slit lamp exam or other appropriately sensitive methods, is recommended at initiation of treatment or shortly thereafter, and at 6 month intervals during chronic treatment. Conditions that lower the seizure threshold may be more prevalent in a population of 65 years or older. Clinical trials with SEROQUEL demonstrated a dose-related decrease in total and free thyroxine (T4) of approximately 20% at the higher end of the therapeutic dose range and was maximal in the first two to four weeks of treatment and maintained without adaptation or progression during more chronic therapy. Generally, these changes were of no clinical significance and TSH was unchanged in most patients and levels of TBG were unchanged. In nearly all cases, cessation of SEROQUEL treatment was associated with a reversal of the effects on total and free T4, irrespective of the duration of treatment. Six of the patients with TSH increases needed replacement thyroid treatment. In the mania adjunct studies, where SEROQUEL was added to lithium or divalproex, 12% (24/196) of SEROQUEL treated patients compared to 7% (15/203) of placebo treated patients had elevated TSH levels. Of the SEROQUEL treated patients with elevated TSH levels, 3 had simultaneous low free T4 levels. In schizophrenia trials, the proportions of patients with elevations to levels of cholesterol ?-U 240 mg/dL and triglycerides ?-U 200 mg/dL were 16% and 23% for SEROQUEL treated patients respectively compared to 7% and 16% for placebo patients respectively. In bipolar depression trials, the proportion of patients with cholesterol and triglycerides elevations to these levels were 9% and 14% for SEROQUEL treated patients respectively, compared to 6% and 9% for placebo patients respectively. Although an elevation of prolactin levels was not demonstrated in clinical trials with SEROQUEL, increased prolactin levels were observed in rat studies with this compound, and were associated with an increase in mammary gland neoplasia in rats [see Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility ]. Tissue culture experiments indicate that approximately one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin dependent in vitro, a factor of potential importance if the prescription of these drugs is contemplated in a patient with previously detected breast cancer. Although disturbances such as galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported with prolactin-elevating compounds, the clinical significance of elevated serum prolactin levels is unknown for most patients. Neither clinical studies nor epidemiologic studies conducted to date have shown an association between chronic administration of this class of drugs and tumorigenesis in humans; the available evidence is considered too limited to be conclusive at this time. Asymptomatic, transient and reversible elevations in serum transaminases (primarily ALT) have been reported. In schizophrenia trials, the proportions of patients with transaminase elevations of > 3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in a pool of 3- to 6-week placebo-controlled trials were approximately 6% for SEROQUEL compared to 1% for placebo. In acute bipolar mania trials, the proportions of patients with transaminase elevations of > 3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in a pool of 3- to 12-week placebo-controlled trials were approximately 1% for both SEROQUEL and placebo. These hepatic enzyme elevations usually occurred within the first 3 weeks of drug treatment and promptly returned to pre-study levels with ongoing treatment with SEROQUEL. In bipolar depression trials, the proportions of patients with transaminase elevations of > 3 times the upper limits of the normal reference range in two 8-week placebo-controlled trials was 1% for SEROQUEL and 2% for placebo. Somnolence was a commonly reported adverse event reported in patients treated with SEROQUEL especially during the 3-5 day period of initial dose-titration. In schizophrenia trials, somnolence was reported in 18% of patients on SEROQUEL compared to 11% of placebo patients.

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ADHD Family Therapy - Counselors help parents and siblings of the ADHD child as a group by teaching them how to cope with the pressures and issues that emerge from living with a child with ADHD 150mg bupron sr mastercard. Psychotherapy - The discipline of psychotherapy uses ADHD cognitive therapy techniques in addition to other therapeutic strategies bupron sr 150 mg discount. Many children with ADD have co-morbid mental disorders purchase generic bupron sr, such as anxiety and depression. The psychotherapist can discuss issues that bother the child and explore negative behaviors, as well as provide ways to reduce the effects of ADD symptoms. Support Groups and Skills Training ??? Parents and children can attend ADD support group meetings, which include skills training and education about ADHD therapy for children. The meetings provide a support network of other families coping with the disorder. Together, they can discuss common issues and experiences with using the various coping skills and strategies. ADHD therapy techniques address a variety of issues associated with ADHD in children. Common issues dealt with during therapy sessions include:destructive thought patternsdifficulties maintaining friendships and other social relationshipsimpatience and impulsivenessFinding a skilled mental health professional with years of experience providing ADHD therapy for children is very important. Another referral source is your county psychological association. Parents can also search through several ADHD practitioner referral sites on the Internet. Physicians and therapists listing on these services do so because they have experience providing ADHD therapy and likely specialize in it. Natural remedies for ADHD may seem like a viable alternative to taking stimulant-based ADHD medications day after day. Many online ads and late-night television commercials tout a natural cure for ADHD. While tempting to try, most of these natural remedies for ADHD probably will not effectively control the symptoms of ADD. Leading experts and ADHD researchers know of no natural cure for ADHD. Talk to your health care practitioner (see Getting ADHD Help ) before trying any of these natural remedies. Read information and research any claims about remedies you might find interesting from a variety of sources. Numerous special diets and food-avoidance lists, advertised as alternative treatments for ADHD, have gained popularity over the years. One such diet that gained rapid popularity, called the Feingold Diet, involved the methodical elimination of certain food additives and preservatives. Ben Feingold, MD, theorized that these additives and artificial flavorings caused hyperactivity in children; thus, their elimination would reduce hyperactive behavior. Others proponents of dietary manipulations as alternative treatments for ADHD postulated that dietary sugar and simple carbohydrates could cause ADHD in children. This sugar elimination diet has caused a significant amount of controversy over the years. Although research shows that ingesting refined sugars and carbohydrates can cause an activity spike for the child, due to a rapid increase in blood glucose, the heightened activity lasts a short period of time and a period of decreased activity often follows. Likewise, taking zinc supplements, as a natural ADD treatment has no measurable effect on children diagnosed with the disorder. Furthermore, long-term use of zinc can cause anemia in those without a zinc deficiency. Omega-3 fatty acids, called essential fatty acids, provide an important piece of the components necessary for normal brain function. The omega-3 fatty acids, found naturally in certain fish and vegetable oils, may benefit people with ADHD, but more research is needed. Experts do not know whether supplementary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaneoic acid (EPA) offers any benefits as a natural ADD treatment. One alternative approach for treatment of ADHD without medication uses daily massage therapy. While this daily treat may make people suffering from the disorder feel happy and more relaxed, resulting in sharper focus and reduced restlessness, it does not address the underlying cause of the condition. These may also prove effective as an adult ADD treatment. Neurofeedback, a biologic feedback technique, uses electronic devices that teach the child or adult to control his brain wave activity. Through attending several of these 50 minute sessions, the patient learns which brain wave activity indicates full focus and concentration. A number of small research studies have indicated considerable reduction in inattention, impulsiveness, and restlessness. Interactive Metronome and Musical Therapy utilizes sound feedback to improve attention span and focusing ability. Children complete a series of exercises in rhythm to a computer-generated beat while wearing headphones and hand and foot sensors. Preliminary studies indicate this technique to benefit children by improving attention, language comprehension, and reducing negative behaviors. Is there an ADD cure out there that can help my child or me? If you or your child suffers from the chronic disorder known as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), you may frequently ask yourself these or similar questions. ADHD represents one of the most common disorders of childhood. The condition often persists through adolescence and can continue to adulthood. Searching for an ADHD cure is on the minds and hearts of many research scientists today. Children with untreated ADHD struggle socially and academically. Adults, who have the disorder, but remain untreated, exhibit poor occupational performance, poor organization and time management skills, and may have trouble maintaining primary relationships. Despite numerous studies conducted annually that help researchers better understand the underlying mechanisms and causes of ADD ; an ADHD cure continues to elude the scientific community. Currently, stimulant ADD, ADHD medications, therapy for ADHD children, and community ADD support represent the best way to deal with attention deficit disorder in lieu of an actual ADD cure. Stimulant ADHD medications improve the imbalance of certain neurotransmitters in the brain to reduce common ADHD symptoms in both children and adults.

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